Definition

MySQL

MySQL is an open source relational database management system (RDBMS) based on Structured Query Language (SQL). 

MySQL runs on virtually all platforms, including Linux, UNIX, and Windows. Although it can be used in a wide range of applications, MySQL is most often associated with web-based applications and online publishing and is an important component of an open source enterprise stack called LAMP. LAMP is a Web development platform that uses Linux as the operating system, Apache as the Web server, MySQL as the relational database management system and PHP as the object-oriented scripting language. (Sometimes Perl or Python is used instead of PHP.)

MySQL, which was originally conceived by the Swedish company MySQL AB, was acquired by Oracle in 2008.  Developers can still use MySQL under the GNU General Public License (GPL), but enterprises must obtain a commercial license from Oracle.

Offshoots of MySQL are called forks. They include: 

Drizzle – a lightweight open source database management system in development based on MySQL 6.0.

MariaDB – a popular community-developed "drop-in" replacement for MySQL that uses MySQL APIs and commands. 

Percona Server with XtraDB– an enhanced version of MySQL known for horizontal scalability

Contributor(s): P. Eng and Rob McCormack
This was last updated in September 2013
Posted by: Margaret Rouse

Email Alerts

Register now to receive SearchEnterpriseLinux.com-related news, tips and more, delivered to your inbox.
By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy

More News and Tutorials

Do you have something to add to this definition? Let us know.

Send your comments to techterms@whatis.com

There are Comments. Add yours.

 
TIP: Want to include a code block in your comment? Use <pre> or <code> tags around the desired text. Ex: <code>insert code</code>

REGISTER or login:

Forgot Password?
By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy
Sort by: OldestNewest

Forgot Password?

No problem! Submit your e-mail address below. We'll send you an email containing your password.

Your password has been sent to: